Phonic sessions take place everyday for 20 minutes in EYFS and 30 minutes in Key Stage 1. Phonics is taught in whole classes and follows the Phonics Phases as appropriate to the grouping and year group. Intervention groups ensure that children who need further support receive it. The Phonic Phase Plan for EYFS to Year 2 can be found by clicking on the link below. The aim is that children will be capable of reading fluently and spelling accurately by the end of year 2. In Key Stage 2 phonics continues to be taught implicitly through the daily spelling activity, some children who continue with the phonics phases will work in small group interventions. The academy follows the Letters and Sounds programme. Videos of the sounds taught in each phase and resources to support each phase can be found by clicking on the links. 

Reading Books in EYFS and Key Stage 1 are chosen to match their current phonic ability so children can apply their phonics knowledge acquisition in their reading. 

Phonics Glossary 


Blending is the skill of joining sounds together to read words. Children are taught to say the separate sounds in a word and to then blend them together to decode the word. 


 A digraph is a sound that is represented by two letters e.g. the sound 'a' in rain is represented by the digraph 'ai'. 


 A trigraph is a sound that is represented by three letters e.g. the sound 'i' in light is represented by the trigraph 'igh'. 


A grapheme is a visual representation of a sound e.g. a letter or a group of letters. 

Some sounds are represented by a single letter whilst others are represented by more than one letter. 


 A phoneme is a unit of sound e.g. the word 'cat' contains three phonemes; c - a - t. 


 Segmenting is the opposite of blending. Children are taught to segment a word into its separate sounds in order to spell it. 

 split digraph 

 A split digraph is a digraph that is separated by other letters e.g. the sound 'a' in the word take is represented by the split digraph a-e. 

Phonics Progression EYFS-KS1

Year 1 Phonics Screening Results

  2018   2019  
 Yr 1 Phonics Screening Pass %       93% 88%